What are Honeypots and how can it increase your security
By Yash Kudal
What are honeypots?
Honeypots can be defined as a trap that is used to detect attempts by any unauthorized use of information systems. Honeypots actually open the tables for hackers and computer security experts. The main purpose of a honeypot is to obtain or learn from attacks and to use other information to improve security. This has been used to track the activity of invaders and to protect them from future threats. There are two types of honeypots:
- Honeypot Research – This is used to study the tactics and techniques of attackers. It is used to see how an attacker works when penetrated into the system.
- Production Honeypot – This is used to gain access to and protect organizations. The main purpose of the production honeypot is to help reduce the risk to the organization.
How honeypots can secure computer systems?
Honeypot is a computer that is connected to a network. This can be used to monitor a system or network vulnerabilities. Depending on the type of setup, one can read the security holes generally or in particular. This can be used to monitor the activities of the person receiving access to the Honeypot.
Honeypots are usually based on a real server, a real operating system, and real-time data. Another major difference is the location of the machine in relation to virtual servers. The most important function of this is to incorporate data, the ability to capture, raise awareness, and to capture all that the host does.
High Interaction vs Low interaction Honeypots
High Interaction Honeypots can be completely compromised, allowing the enemy to gain full access to the system and use it to launch other network attacks. With the help of this, users can learn more about targeted attacks against their systems or even internal attacks.
While, low interaction honeypots utilize resources that cannot be used to gain full access to honeypot. These are more limited but are useful for collecting data at a high level.
Working of Honeypots:-
Usually these devices will take the form of a virtual machine (VM) that is deliberately weak and placed in an accessible network. These VMs will often have missing critical updates, as well as open ports and unnecessary services enabled for the hacker to exploit. Additionally, the honeypot service will often have administrator accounts with weak passwords or no password at all, making it easy for attackers to execute their rights without difficulty.
All of these security weaknesses will make the attackers think they have found an easy target for intrusion, when in fact their time is wasted as the host controls their work and blocks access to the entire network. The result is an attacker gets caught in a trap and does not show it based on important information or access to systems. When the attacker realizes what had happened, the administrator has collected enough information to further strengthen the network or report the work to the authorities.
Advantages of Honeypots:-
- Observe hacker’s actions and learn about their behavior.
- Helps in gathering information on attack vectors, malware, and exploits.
- Create profiles of hackers trying to access your systems.
- Improve your security position.
- They show you that you’re being attacked and that information is important when trying to get an increased budget for security.