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Popular VAPT Frameworks [For Sept 2023] - Cyberops

VAPT Frameworks

Mastering VAPT Frameworks: Unleashing the Guardians of Cybersecurity

By Prempal Singh 0 Comment September 4, 2023


In today’s interconnected world, cybersecurity is of paramount importance. Organizations, regardless of their size or industry, must proactively identify and mitigate vulnerabilities to protect their systems, data, and reputation. Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing (VAPT) frameworks provide a systematic and comprehensive approach to evaluate the security posture of an organization’s digital assets. In this blog, we will delve into the world of VAPT frameworks, exploring their purpose, benefits, and some popular frameworks used by cybersecurity professionals. 

What is VAPT ?  

Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing is a sort of security testing that  examines an application, network, endpoint, or cloud for flaws. Vulnerability  Assessment and penetration Testing have distinct advantages, and they’re typically  used together to generate a comprehensive analysis.  

Vulnerability Assessment:  

Vulnerability assessment involves scanning systems, networks and applications to  identify potential weaknesses or vulnerabilities. This process can be automated  using specialized tools or performed manually by security experts. The goal is to  create an inventory of vulnerabilities, their severity, and potential impact on the  organization’s infrastructure.  

Penetration Testing: 

Penetration testing, often referred to as ethical hacking, simulates real world attacks  to test the effectiveness of security controls and identify vulnerabilities that may be  missed by automated vulnerability scans. Penetration testers attempt to exploit  weaknesses to gain unauthorized access, measure the impact of successful  attacks and provide actionable remedies and recommendations.  

The Purpose of VAPT Frameworks:  

VAPT frameworks provide a structured and systematic approach to conduct  vulnerability assessments and penetration tests. They offer a standardized  methodology, guiding security professionals through the entire process and ensuring  consistency and accuracy in identifying and addressing vulnerabilities. These  frameworks help organizations:  

1. Identifying vulnerabilities: VAPT frameworks assist in uncovering vulnerabilities  across different layers of an organization’s IT infrastructure, including networks,  systems, applications and databases. 

2. Evaluate security controls: By simulating real world attacks, VAPT frameworks  enable organizations to assess the effectiveness of their existing security controls,  including firewalls, intrusion detection systems.  

3. Prioritize remediation efforts: VAPT frameworks help prioritize vulnerabilities  based on their severity, potential impact allowing organizations to allocate resources  efficiently.  

4. Validate security investments: Regular VAPT exercises validate the  effectiveness of security investments and valuable insights into areas that require  improvement or additional investment.  

The following are the deliverables for VAPT activity:  

● Verification of the crucial vulnerability’s closure.  

● Verify that the findings have been closed.  

● First, a draught VAPT report, then a final report.  

The following should be included in the VAPT Report:  

● Identifying the Auditee (Address & contact information).  

● VAPT Schedule and Locations.  

● Terms and conditions.  

● Testing was confirmed in accordance with Best Practices and OWASP  Security Guidelines.  

● Vulnerabilities and Problems of concern are examined.  

● Recommendations for solving the problem.  

● Personnel who took part in the Audit.  

Popular VAPT Frameworks:  

Let’s explore some of the widely used VAPT frameworks:  

1. Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP): OWASP is a  community-driven organization focused on web application security. Their Testing  Guide provides a comprehensive framework for assessing web application security,  covering areas such as authentication, session management, input validation, and  more. OWASP Top 10, a regularly updated list, highlights the most critical web  application vulnerabilities. 

2. Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual (OSSTMM) : OSSTMM is a  peer-reviewed methodology that provides guidelines for assessing security from a  holistic perspective. It covers areas such as operational security, human security,  physical security, and wireless security, in addition to technical vulnerabilities.  

3. Penetration Testing Execution Standard (PTES) : PTES is a standard-driven  framework that outlines the different stages of a penetration test, including  pre-engagement, intelligence gathering, vulnerability analysis, exploitation, and  post-exploitation. It provides a comprehensive methodology for conducting thorough  and structured penetration tests.  

Top VAPT Tools  

1. Netsparker Security Scanner:  

A robust vulnerability scanning and management tool designed specifically for businesses. It can detect and exploit flaws like SQL injection and XSS. Netsparker can scan any online application, independent of the platform or programming language used to create it. 

2. Acunetix Scanner: 

A web app vulnerability scanner aimed at small and medium-sized businesses, but with the possibility to expand to more prominent organizations. It can detect SQL injection, XSS, and other threats. 

3. Metasploit: 

A solid framework with ready-to-use exploits code. The Metasploit project helps it by providing information on many vulnerabilities and associated exploits. With Metasploit, the pen testing team can use ready-made or custom code and introduce it into a network to probe for weak spots. 

What are the five significant types of Penetration Testing? 

● Network Penetration Testing 

A network penetration test is a sort of security assessment carried out by an ethical hacking firm to detect cyber security flaws that might be exploited to infiltrate on-premises and cloud systems. Pen testing on a network might entail evaluating perimeter security policies and equipment like routers and switches.

● Online Application Penetration Testing 

This testing entails a set of processes aimed at acquiring information about the target system, identifying flaws or vulnerabilities, and researching exploits that will attack such flaws or vulnerabilities and breach the web application. 

Because certain online apps include sensitive data, it’s critical to maintain them safe at all times, especially because many of them are publicly accessible. 

● Mobile App Penetration Testing 

This testing identifies flaws in a mobile application’s cyber security posture. The safety and security of iOS and Android applications are the ones that get the most assessed. 

Penetration testing for mobile applications helps protect apps and reduces the chance of fraud, virus or malware infections, data leaks, and other security breaches. 

● API Penetration Testing 

API’s are introduced in a new digital transformation era in the cloud, IoT, and mobile and web apps. Every day, the average individual interacts with many APIs without even realizing it, especially on mobile. APIs are the connective tissue that allows data to flow from one system to another, both internally and externally. 

● Cloud Penetration Testing 

An authorized simulated cyber-attack against a system housed on a Cloud provider, such as Amazon’s AWS or Microsoft’s Azure, is known as Cloud Penetration Testing. A cloud penetration tester’s primary purpose is to identify a system’s flaws and strengths so that its security posture may be appropriately appraised. 

How often should one conduct VAPT? 

The frequency of VAPT is determined by the sort of pen testing services provided by the company. This is why organizations fall short of their goals. They do these tests on a modest basis, once or twice a year or every few months. Look at VAPT services from Cyberops now!


Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing (VAPT) frameworks are indispensable tools for organizations looking to enhance their cybersecurity posture.  By following standardized methodologies and frameworks, organizations can identify and address vulnerabilities effectively, protecting their critical assets from potential  threats. OWASP, OSSTMM, PTES are just a few examples of frameworks that  provide guidance and structure to the VAPT process. Remember, cybersecurity is an  ongoing process, and regular assessments and tests are crucial to maintaining a  robust security posture in an ever-evolving threat landscape.

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