CYBER SECURITY JOBS IN INDIA
Expected to create 1.5 million jobs by 2025, the cybersecurity field is set to become the most lucrative sector in India. The report titled ‘The Humans of Cybersecurity’ by Michael Page, a professional recruitment services firm, also states that there is a 43% shortage of talent in the domain. It implies that while organizations are getting more vulnerable to hacking and cyberattacks, the availability of cybersecurity experts remains bare. It, therefore, is the best opportunity for tech-savvy individuals to explore and prosper in the multiverse of cybersecurity.
While jobs like software developers and network engineers are quite mainstream, cybersecurity is an extraordinary niche. With the increasing challenges in cybersecurity, it is inevitable for companies to hire professionals for protecting their data. Major companies like KPMG have doubled the size of their cybersecurity team. Such companies are willing to pay salaries up to 4 crores to talented candidates. These facts are appealing enough to get more and more aspirants inclined toward this field. Records of the last few years have shown a higher average salary of a Cyber Security Professional than an IT professional. The average salary gap is 9% at the least.
Increasing demand for Cyber Security Professionals
A cybersecurity professional is responsible for safeguarding the proprietary data of the respective organization as well as the customer’s database that they are answerable for. The job roles range from an entry-level designation of the network administrator to senior positions like that of a Cyber Security Architect. Before jumping into the scope of jobs in Cybersecurity, let’s learn about the factors which had led to its overwhelming demand.
- While the government pushes toward digitalization and demonetization, companies are becoming more vulnerable to cyber-attacks. It has boosted the need for cybersecurity experts who are well-versed and competent with the latest trends in Data Science and AI. The NASSCOM report shows a significant skill gap in the cybersecurity market. The job and salary data of the cybersecurity market was analyzed during National CyberSecurity Awareness Month (NCSAM), and there exist a plethora of well-paying jobs that require conversant experts.
- With the cyber crimes and cyber fraud skyrocketing in India, the government has stressed developing strong legal frameworks and strict laws to combat cybercrime. Therefore, it is necessary for organizations to abide by cybersecurity laws. The IT Act 2000 instructs organizations (having protected systems) to implement information security measures. Organizations should have a dedicated team to conduct vulnerability or risk analysis on an annual basis and comply with GDPR rules. This has led to a need for cyber security professionals.
- Recent years have seen significant data breaches and ransomware incidents worldwide. Renowned companies like JBS and Colonial Pipeline have faced huge monetary and operational losses due to malware attacks. Major social media platforms, including Facebook and LinkedIn, faced major data breaching, leading to the exposed personal data of millions of users. Such severe attacks have led to major arguments on the vulnerability of data and the need to secure it. Consequently, organizations have become more aware of cybercrimes and are taking steps to safeguard confidential data from potential attacks.
Roles as a Cyber Security Professional
Jobs designations in Cybersecurity that are seeing a sharp increase in pay and popularity are:
- Network Security Engineer:
A network security engineer plays a crucial role in an organization. The person ensures proper implementation of countermeasures against cyberthreats. Primary responsibilities include managing protected systems, detecting vulnerabilities, and enhancing the automation infrastructure to eliminate loopholes. They also monitor the maintenance of routers, VPNs, switches, firewalls, etc. The salary bracket of a network security engineer may range from Rs 4 lacs to 8 lacs per annum.
- Cyber Security Analyst:
A person designated at the post of a cyber security analyst assists in making strategies, their implementation, and updating of security measures. They regulate security access and carry out security audits on a regular basis, ensuring that there are no loopholes. They also conduct risk analysis, vulnerability assessment, and penetration testing to examine the network’s security status. The analyst is also responsible for training fellow employees about security awareness, protocols, and best practices to avoid breaches. The initial salary of a cyber security analyst is over Rs 6 lakhs per annum.
- Cyber Security Architect:
A security architect designs the security architecture for an organization. They play a significant role in planning, research and development, and designing security elements. The security architect begins by understanding the company’s security needs, designing a prototype, and working collaboratively with the team to create the final structure. Moreover, the architect also devises policies and procedures to be followed by employees while using the security systems. On average, a security architect’s salary begins at Rs 17 lakhs per annum.
- Cyber Security Manager:
A cyber security manager is responsible for maintaining security protocols across the organization. The security manager ensures maximum network and internet security by making compatible strategies. They are assisted by a team of IT professionals who comply with the data security standards. The person is also responsible for reviewing the existing security standards and updating them as per the current rules and regulations. Further, a cybersecurity manager also monitors the routers, servers, switches, and other connected devices. The salary of a cyber security manager starts from Rs 12 lakhs per annum.
- Chief Information Security Officer (CISO):
This is a senior-level position where an individual is responsible for ensuring that the company’s cyber security plan is in alignment with its vision, technologies, and operations. Over 80% of large-scale companies have a CISO on their management team, as per a report by PWC. The CISO guides the team to discover, create, execute and monitor security procedures throughout the organization. In case of incident response, CISO deploys strategies to minimize the damage and mitigate security risk without compromising the business operations. A CISO also supervises the implementation of cyber security policies within the company. The average salary of top-notch CISOs ranges from Rs 2 crores to 4 crores.
Besides these five cyber security jobs, there are a lot of other positions and roles which are highly rewarding, including incident response analyst, intrusion detection specialists, Source Code Auditor, Security Director, Security Auditor, System Administrator, Cryptographer, etc.
Considering the increasing demand for cyber security professionals in banks, IT companies, government organizations, and BFSI sectors, it is safe to say that the field will show exponential g requirements and salary growth. Once an individual is competent enough to fit in the right role, there is nothing stopping them from entering the rewarding field of cybersecurity.